If you’ve ever read a magazine, walked through an airport, or simply watched a TV commercial, then it should be quite clear (and no surprise) that advertisers have a tendency to exploit common stereotypes to drive a “connection” between the ad and the viewer.
A muscular gentleman holding a cologne bottle while being idolized by a stunningly slender woman.
A stay-at-home mother putting sandwiches into a lunch bag as the husband strolls off to work in a suit and tie.
While the advertising industry may have an exorbitant amount of data backing the fact that some things sell better than others, it still begs the question: is there a point at which these stereotypes go too far? A point at which these stereotypes negatively impact how we view ourselves and the surrounding societal norms?
“This ad is trash and only enforces the idea that there is one body type worthy of society and that women should be ashamed of their bodies. This has to stop!”
“I'm signing because advertisements have told me my body is 'wrong' my entire life.”
It was clear the model wasn’t in need of any weight loss supplement to achieve the body image portrayed in the ad. The ad could also have been interpreted as dictating what a socially acceptable “beach body” actually is — a near impossible feat for most humans.
With such a number of people downvoting the ad, the United Kingdom’s Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) created new guidelines prohibiting gender stereotypes, banning “ads that play up roles deemed more feminine or male, as well as derogatory messages around body image.”
According to the Washington Post, ads that would be prohibited under such guidelines include:
A TV spot showing children making a mess while a man props up his feet and a woman cleans up
Ads showing a man who can’t change a diaper
A woman who can’t park a car
Ads that belittle men for doing stereotypical “female” tasks
What Does This Mean For The Ad Industry?
Well, it depends on where you are in the world.
Beth Egan, associate professor of advertising at Syracuse University, states in the article, “Americans shouldn’t assume that similar guidelines are around the corner [in the US]. The United States and Britain have significantly different standards and cultural expectations around privacy and regulation, even as they apply to ads promoting gender stereotypes.”
This means folks in the US don’t necessarily have to change what they’re doing right away because of impending government oversight.
However, Guy Parker, CEO of the ASA, shared with The Washington Post, “It’s in the interests of women and men, our economy and society that advertisers steer clear of these outdated portrayals.”
There’s no doubt about what Parker has to say, but with these new guidelines in place (at least in the UK), it raises a new question around the process by which they will be (and should be) enforced.
As with any such enforcement, it will be up to the ASA to determine which ads are acceptable and which ads are not. Any boundary is likely to be pushed, of course, by advertisers looking to grab attention. Will this create a slippery slope for which only public outcry can dictate policy?
According to Vogue, the ASA also stated that it “did not consider that the accompanying image implied that a different body shape to that shown was not good enough or was inferior."
Apparently, the slope isn’t slippery just yet; and to this point, Beth Egan shares with the Washington Post that until these new guidelines have been tested against future ads, it will be hard to distinguish, “between what’s a gender stereotype and what’s a representation of real life in the real world.”
What Does This Mean For Us As Digital Marketers?
Again, the US does not have a version of these guidelines (yet).
So while the paid ads, calls-to-action, or imagery we use within our digital environments may not be under the same level of public view and scrutiny as an ad in a subway station or airport, it doesn’t mean we’re immune for the long term or should ignore the spirit of these regulations.
The UK, as of late, has been a pioneering party in global change, especially when it comes to the digital space where the majority of our marketing lives. Remember GDPR? These localized regulations protecting the privacy of online users have global implications on how we all collect and store that user data.
Therefore, consider these new ASA guidelines one of the first stakes in the ground to creating more widely adopted gender stereotype and body-shaming rules prohibiting the things we already recognize as outdated and wrong.